CSR in India has evolved from merchant philanthropy to social development oriented activities by companies. But CSR has always been discretionary in nature by the corporate organizations. Some companies have been outstanding in the CSR domain, while many companies involved themselves in CSR activities for image building. Yet many companies were unconcerned about their social obligations. The new Companies Act of 2013 made CSR mandatory for a class of companies effective from April 2014. This article discusses the CSR legislation of the government of India and its implications.
The main inspiration for the introduction of the formal training for social work come to this country from the West, especially the United States, when the first training institute was established in 1936 under the directorship an American. The program of education has basically three components: classroom courses, research project and field work. The objectives of professional education currently are to prepare the type and quality of man power capable of performing the professional tasks and functions currently being performed by variety of organizations employing social workers.
Environment Conservation: Social Worker as a Catalyst of Sustainable Development (Some Observations)
Earth provides enough to satisfy everyman’s needs
but not to every man’s greed
Social Work Profession, over a period of time has undergone and still is undergoing changes in its philosophy, approaches and ethics. Its goal of addressing the problems of individuals, group, community and society at large is being addressed in a variegated manner in keeping with changing scenario of present times and in view of changing complexity of problems. One such new dimension is to understand the desirability and possibility of associating problems of human beings vis-s-vis physical environment. Environmental Social Work is an emerging field, as social workers like other environmentalists can work towards addressing the problems confronted by human beings as a consequence of environmental degradation and other related issues. The author, in this paper has attempted to understand this emerging field and briefly deliberated on the role of Social Workers in this field.
A vision driven life adds meaning and process for fulfilment in life. Added to this if the two individuals married and working together are social entrepreneurs the challenges and path so formed can be very interesting and more fulfilling. This is an article written to share an experience of living and working together; emerging from social work background and contributing to the world in terms of concepts, processes, tools and techniques. It also outlines the key foundational elements and the learning of over two decades of life which can be left behind for the youngsters who are contemplating the same.
We make decisions every day, large and small, some of which have life altering consequences. Yet our choices are not irrelevant. The question always has been: how can we discern the course to be run? The values of family, friends and mentors and Faith point us to the realisation that what matters most in life is all wrapped up in people.
The ability to look beyond our disappointments is essential for our life and living. The way we discern our course of action - irrespective of the area of our vocation - can leave a deep imprint in the minds of some people and in the hearts of most people. The way I perceived, understood, practiced, taught and conceptualised social work revolves around this life changing choices. The lesson from my parents has always been ‘get involved where ever you are and in whatever condition you may enter into’.
Let Us Bring Back ‘Field’ to Fieldwork: An Overview of the Current Scenario of Fieldwork in Social Work Education in India
Field education has always been an integral component of social work education, recognized as having a major impact on graduates’ preparation for professional practice.
- Wayne, Raskin & Bogo, 2006:161.
Fieldwork in social work education is considered as its “signature pedagogy” and much has been written about its indispensability. Though all the social work educators accept it in principle, when it comes to practice, most often the quality of fieldwork training offered to the student leaves much to be desired. This situation needs to be corrected by taking urgent steps for achieving excellence in social work practice.
Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Another popular definition of Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal (Northouse’s (2007, p3). Good leaders are made not born. If you have desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader .Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self study, education, training and experience (jago1982).
Education is been considered as an effective tool of change. It is alleged that with qualitative education one can change his or her realities of life. Social work claims that it helps people to change their situations from bitter to better and work for inclusive policy, social justice and social development. After seven decades of its journey, social work still lag behind to lead people in difficult circumstances. In these decades the issues raised by developmental decisions of Indian government have put major changes needed in social work education and practice. There are theories, approaches in social work we are imparting but what is needed today is a competence. Competence is something which will make social work students to lead people’s issues. It seems that competence based education and fieldwork is dire need to resolve the crisis in social work. This reflective article is an attempt to line up the current scenario, dilemmas, new demands posed by new era of social work.
Key words: leadership, competence, crisis, operationalizing, social work.
Author: Gijubhai Badheka (1885-1939)
Publisher: Prakashan Samsthan, 1999
No. of pages book contains: 87
Price of the book: Rs.100.00
Divaswapna is a story, written by Gujarat’s famous educationist and teacher, Gijubhai Badheka (1885-1939). The same year, Kashinath Trivedi, the well-known educationist of Madhya Pradesh, took the initiative to publish Divaswapna in Hindi. Trivediji had learnt from Gandhi that right action requires untiring patience for its success. His dream of seeing Gijubhai’s writings on education widely disseminated has come a little closer to fulfillment today. But the dream of bringing about a change in education can materialize only after a prolonged struggle along the line in which Gandhi, Tagore, and Gijubhai had moved. The educational theory propounded by all three of them emphasizes the child’s need for an atmosphere of independence and self-reliance. Gijubhai gave ’this idea an institutional basis by establishing his Bal Mandir in 1920, and in his writings he identified the different facets of the idea.
People Centered Advocacy: An Effective Tool for Promoting Marginalized Leadership
Public and people-centered advocacy are shaped by the political culture, social systems, and constitutional framework of the country in which they are practiced. It is the practice of advocacy that determines the theory, and not vice a versa. If advocacy is not rooted in grassroots realities and is practiced only at the macro level, the voice of the marginalized is increasingly likely to be appropriated by professional elites. However, the very credibility of advocacy practitioners depends on their relationship with mass-based movements and grassroots perceptions of what constitutes desirable social change.
Sixty Years of Social Work Education in Tamilnadu – The Need for Impact Assessment
The largest single stakeholder in social work education is the State, for it spends crores of rupees in salary and maintenance grants supporting such instruction in schools of social work and departments attached to government colleges and private ones across the length and breadth of the State. How does this education benefit the common man, the poor, the needy, the physically and mentally challenged? It is the primary responsibility of the State to find this out. The present paper seeks to provide a broad outline of the areas to be explored through the proposed venture.
Ever growing urban amalgamations attract people from other geographical regions as an attractive employment destination. Most of these migrants lack skill or education or both in securing a job in formal / organized sector. Also, in densely populated cities, many inmates face the problem of unemployment due to various reasons. Some of these reasons encourage men and women to take up vending on streets. Historically, street vending has been a part of our culture and tradition. During the time of Krishna Deva Raya, in Vijayanagar Empire, street vending included selling of gold and silver articles. In the recent times, street vending includes selling of eatables, vegetables and fruits, toys, cloth, woolen carpets and even electronic goods. Street vendors form an integral part of our socio – cultural and economic life. Reports indicate that,street vendors constitute approximately 2 per cent of the population of a metropolis and they contribute significantly to economy. But, it is difficult to get a precise measure of population of street vendors and their contribution to economy.
The word “ethics” means to rules of conduct, norms of behaviour, and theories of moral philosophy used for examining, guiding or understanding moral Issues. Researchers are more responsible for conducting their research work ethically and in agreement with the approved protocol. There are many ethical issues which are important to all types of researcher. Each one is briefly mentioned in the article.
Book Review-India Grows Old
Old Age in an Indifferent Society
Niruta Publications, Bangalore, 2013
146 Pages; Price Rs. 200/-
The declining fertility and mortality rates and the increasing life expectancy at birth as well as at older ages lead to increase in the global population of persons aged 60 years and above. The 60+ population in India was more than 100 million in 2012 and that is estimated to be more than 323 million in 2050. As a proportion, one in five Indians will be 60 or over in 2050. Further, 44 million people are estimated to be in their eighties.
Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Political Empowerment and Leadership Development of Dalits in Gujarat
The present research paper attempts to examine the programme carried out by the four selected NGOs for the political empowerment of dalits in Gujarat. Each NGO’s one major programme directed towards the political empowerment of dalits have been identified and analysed to find out their suitability for the political empowerment and leadership development of Dalits. The paper describes and analyses programme of NGOs, keeping in view political empowerment and leadership aspects. The researcher has considered ten categories such as basic information of programme; process of planning for programme; process of resource arrangement and utilization; programme execution process; nature of local participation in programme; Dalit empowerment aspects in programmme; decision making process; monitoring; evaluation; sustainability of programme, while analyzing, interpreting and discussing about the contribution of programme of each NGO to understand the political empowerment process of dalits. It also highlights the process of capacity building and leadership development among dalits and tries to understand the extent of NGO’s contribution in the political empowerment of dalits.
Key Words: Leadership, NGOs, Political, Empowerment, Programme, Dalits
Reasons and objects:
Education for social work began in India in the year 1936 with the establishment of the Sir Dorabji Tata Graduate School of Social Work at Bombay (now known as the Tata Institute of Social Sciences). Much water has flown under the bridge since then. The number of professional social work educational institutions in the country has multiplied manifold, albeit in an unregulated manner. Social work which is recognized as a distinct profession in the West and other countries of the world has failed to gain professional recognition in India for various reasons, the primary being the absence of any regulatory body at the national level for standardizing social work educational and practice standards. The emerging social realities post LPG have posed fresh challenges before the social work profession, which need to be addressed by services and action for social change in the area of social development, welfare, empowerment and crisis intervention. This in turn requires an army of professionally qualified human power, with specialized knowledge and skills. The effectiveness of social initiatives for welfare, development, empowerment and their initiation through the process of enlisting the participation of all sections of the society in the overall development of the country is directly linked with the quality of human power employed in the welfare and development institutions, both governmental and non-governmental, and also in the people-oriented community-based social movements and services.
In the 21st century, the idea of leadership development is related to social networking. Society is looking for ways of changing; modifying, improving or transforming things in terms of the social, economic, structural, political and cultural causes of the problems and environment in which we live. Cyber communication gives us the opportunity to connect with people (customers, employees, leaders, friends, community) directly and indirectly. Not in just a one-way, but a two-way conversation.” Leaders today are expected to be customer-centric and responsive, and social media helps them to meet and exceed these expectations. Social media helps companies to find out what their customers really think. This helps leaders make decisions that better support with customers’ emerging needs. Cyber communication helps leaders stay on top of trends in their industry like never before. This helps leaders see new opportunities for growth. Social media delivers news fast.
Prof. H.M. Marulasiddaiah
Prof. H.M. Marulasiddaiah(HMM) completed MA (Sociology) from Mysore University and MA (Social Work) from the Delhi School of Social Work. He was awarded PhD in Social Work by the Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1978. His teaching career started as Lecturer in social work at the PSG School of Social Work in Coimbatore. It was in 1958. In the year 1962, HMM joined as Lecturer in Social Work of the newly created social work wing of the department of Social Anthropology at Karnataka University. Professor Ishwaran, the head of the department, contrary to his name, was an autocrat. His authoritarianism stifled the development of the social work unit of the department as well as the growth of HMM academically.
It was in June, 1958 when I had got admission to M.A Geography at the Banaras Hindu University. Soon thereafter due to continuing agitation of students and teachers, BHU was closed sine die. Admission to Social Work (Master of Applied Sociology–MAS) was still going on. My elder brother knew about the short-term training programme at the Kashi Vidyapith to prepare Labour Welfare Officers under the Factories Act 1948, and also the MAS programme for 2 years under the Institute of Social Sciences, Kashi Vidyapith. He asked me to apply to the 2 – year programme “to kill time” and subsequently to get a job as Labour Welfare Officer somewhere. Graduates from the Kashi Vidyapith used to get jobs either in the Factories, Mines, Prisons or Welfare Departments. Thus what started as “killing of two years’ time” became a lifelong pursuit and commitment to social work education–a shift from geography to society and social welfare.
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