Dr. Banerjee was the architect and builder of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work in Tata Institute of Social Sciences. She was the one who asked in 1946 the million dollar question: "What is Medical and Psychiatric Social work?" It was the occasion when Dr. Kumarappa, the then Director asked Dr. Banerjee to start the specialization of MPSW in response to the recommendation of the Bhore committee. After asking the question, she herself set about finding an answer and shaping MPSW over the next 24 years.
If I am allowed to use biblical language, I can say that Dr. Banerjee planted and nurtured the plant of MPSW for 24 years and it was my privilege to maintain and just water it for the next 13 years and I am happy about it.
Juvenile delinquency is a global issue which is a serious issue of concern. There is no exception in case of juvenile delinquents' presence either in developed nations, developing or under developed nations. This is a major issue of social concern which affects the very basis of our society. Social problems that exist in our society like broken families, illiteracy, unemployment, alcoholism leads to emergence ofJuvenile delinquency. These children are future citizens of the country thus it becomes very important to reform them so that they become valuable citizens. These children are either homeless, runaway ana- have no one to take care of. Thus it is very important to intervene with them so as to bring them up as good citizens.
Participation. in the context of development has two distinct interpretations. They are: a) participation as an input to development; and b). As a means of empowering the rural poor to play an effective role in rural development. Thus, participation is re cognised as an intrinsic part of the process of development rather than merely facilitator. This paper discusses the importance & process of people's participation, different stages. In the process of People's Participation, and various factors affecting people's participation In the context of development process.
Key words: Conscientisation, resources.
For many years India has worked on establishing a democratic decentralised system of local government with the intention of devolving political and administrative powers to the people. The system of local government is called Panchayati Raj, and it has existed for many decades. However, it has undergone several reforms - the latest of which took place in 1992 and resulted in a constitutional amendment act. The members of the local-governments in the Panchayati Raj system of 1992 have ended their first five-year term. With the evolution of the reforms in mind and the political intentions manifest, it is interesting to focus on the essential aspect of the local governments - peoples' involvement in local government and how they respond to the opportunity of running their own affairs. This chapter takes a close-up of popular participation in ~cal government in India. It reviews the evolution of India's system of local government, and, in order to illustrate some of the complexities concerning popular participation in local government, it presents the results of a specific case study . The study was carried out by the author in the state of Karnataka, in South India, in the summer of 1998. Kamataka was the first Indian state to introduce a system of decentralised government according to the 1992 amendment act. It was also the first state to implement the policy of one third of the seats being reserved for females in all local bodies.
Karnataka has a hoary past. The prehistoric culture of Karnataka viz., the Hand-axe culture, compares favourably with the one that existed in Africa and is quite distinct from the pre-historic culture of North India. The ragi grain is found commonly in pre-historic sites of Africa and Karnataka. Parts of Karnataka were subject to the rule of the Nandas and the Mauryas. Fourteen Ashokan (10 minor and 4 major) Rock Edicts found in Karnataka (two each at Nittur and Udagolam in Bellary district; one at Maski in Raichur district; one each at Gavimutt and Palkigundu in Koppal district; one each at Brahmagiri, Jattinga Rameshwara and Siddapura in Chitradurga district; and four at Sannati in Gulbarga district) testify to the extent of the Mauryan Empire. The Shatavahanas(circa 30 8.C to 230 AD.) of Paithan have also ruled over extensive areas in Northern Karnataka; some scholars even argue that this dynasty hailed from Karnataka , as in early times, Dharwad and Bellary districts were called Satavahanihara (or the Satavahana region). Some of their rulers were called kings of Kuntala. At Sannati in Gulbarga district, Vadgaon- Madhavpur near Belgaum and Brahmagiri in Chitradurga district, remains of their period have been found. Banavasi in Uttara Kannada has an inscription of their queen, and at Vasana in Nargund Tq. remains of a brick temple of Shaiva order are noticed. Later, Karnataka fell into the hands of the Pallavas of Kanchi and the Chutu Satakarnis, the Shatavahana feudatories, ruling from Banavasi after the fall of the Shatavahanas, also seem to have accepted the overlordship of the Pallavas.
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