Born on 30 December 1950, Sudarshan lived and studied in Yemlur near Bangalore in a Kannada medium school. He was a normal bright child till the age of 12, when the trauma of his father’s death changed his life forever. They were visiting a village on Vijayadashimi day. His father suddenly had a heart attack. Young Sudarshan ran to get the local quack that was the closest thing to a doctor the village had. Despite all this, his father passed away, as he says `literally on my lap’. That day he decided to become a doctor.
Born : 14 January 1875
Died : 4 September 1965 (aged 90)
Nationality : German (1875–1919), French (1919–1965)
Fields : Medicine, Music, Philosophy, Theology
Known for : Music, Philanthropy, Theology
Notable Awards : Goethe Prize (1928), Nobel Peace Prize (1952)
Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was a German (Alsatian) theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary. He was born in Kaysersberg in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, in the German Empire. Schweitzer, a Lutheran, challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by historical-critical methodology current at his time in certain academic circles, as well as the traditional Christian view. He depicted Jesus as one who literally believed the end of the world was coming in his own lifetime and believed himself to be a world savior. He received the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize for his philosophy of "Reverence for Life", expressed in many ways, but most famously in founding and sustaining the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, now in Gabon, west central Africa (then French Equatorial Africa). As a music scholar and organist, he studied the music of German composer Johann Sebastian Bach and influenced the Organ reform movement (Orgelbewegung).
There is so much talk about ‘accountability’ nowadays. Each NGO seems to have its own convenient way of describing what this means to it. We seem to be unsure of the extent and the spirit behind such an extraordinary concept. A few of them are clear that it means submitting their reports regularly and on time. For others it means the efficient and effective deployment of resources at their command. For a few more, it means ensuring responsiveness to the community and being accountable to them. While one can keep debating and expanding these definitions, I have always been fascinated by a simple definition given to me by an extraordinary person.
Social Work grew out of humanitarian and democratic ideals, and its values are based on respect for the equality, worth, and dignity of all people. Since its beginnings over a century ago, social work practice has focused on meeting human needs and developing human potential. Human rights and social justice serve as the motivation and justification for social work action. In solidarity with those who are disadvantaged, the profession strives to alleviate poverty and to liberate vulnerable and oppressed people in order to promote social inclusion. Social work profession addresses the barriers, inequities and injustices that exist in society. Its mission is to help people to develop their full potential, enrich their lives, and prevent dysfunction. Professional Social Work is focused on problem solving and change. As such, social workers are change agents in society and in the lives of the individuals, families and communities they serve. It responds to crises and emergencies as well as to everyday personal and social problems. Social Work utilizes a variety of skills, techniques, and activities consistent with its holistic focus on persons and their environments. Social Work interventions range from primarily person-focused psychosocial processes to involvement in social policy, planning and development. These include counselling, clinical social social work, group work, social pedagogical work, and family treatment and therapy as well as efforts to help people obtain services and resources in the community. Interventions also include agency administration, community organization and engaging in social and political action to impact social policy and economic development. The holistic focus of social work is universal, but the priorities of social work practice will vary from country to country and from time to time depending on cultural, historical, and socio-economic conditions.
Paper presented at Sambhrama 2011’, National Seminar on ‘Human Rights Approach to Development’, sponsored by UGC, Dept of PG Studies and Research in Social Work, SDM College (Autonomous), Ujire, Karnataka, India, 10th and 11th March 2011.
There is so much about ‘Corruption’ and ‘Scams’ in the news now a days. We wake up in the morning hearing about one new one and go to bed watching the latest debate with all the neo-intellectuals telling us how the problem is growing and how it is affecting our lives. The last few weeks have seen our parliament virtually come to a grinding halt not in trying to understand and end this cancer, but asking the Government to form another needless committee which can endlessly debate this issue and come up with nothing substantial. Having worked in building local communities in controlling corrupt practices in public services affecting their lives, I would also like to add my 2 cents to the debate.
“Contractor” in relation to an establishment, means a person who undertakes to produce a given result for the establishment, other than a mere supply of goods or articles of manufacture to such establishment, through contract labour or who supplies contract labour for any work of the establishment and includes a sub-contractor; ‘A workman shall be deemed to be employed as "contract labour" in or in connection with the work of an establishment when he is hired in or in connection with such work by or through a contractor with or without the knowledge of the principal employer'
What is 80G?
People know that an NGO can avail income tax exemption by getting itself registered and complying with certain other formalities, but such registration does not provide any benefit to the persons making donations. The Income Tax Act has certain provisions which offer tax benefits to the "donors". All NGO's should avail the advantage of these provisions to attract potential donors. Section 80G is one of such sections.
What is a "Change Agent?
On the outset I must admit that being ‘a change agent’ is a noble aspiration. I assume ‘change’ in most of the contexts is for good and not for destruction. In my mind, change is akin to "making people better". This is something we all strive for in our social work colleges with our students, our field work agencies and the community.
Ageing is a universal biological fact and a natural process. It begins from the day we are born, or perhaps even before. The perception of age, however , is socially constructed. Isolation, exclusion and marginalization of older persons are the consequences of age discrimination. It undermines their concerns systematically into the overall developmental agenda.
The word Adolescence is Latin in origin, derived from the word “adolescere”, which means, “to grow into adulthood.” “In all societies adolescence is a time of growing up, of moving from the immaturity of childhood into the maturity of adulthood, of participation for the future.” Adolescence is a period of transitions, biological, psychological, social and economic and from immaturity into maturity which occur universally; virtually without exception. Some of these passages are long and some are short; some are smooth and others are rough. And not occur at the same time. The fundamental challenges of adolescence which gives the period its special flavor and significance are onset of puberty, emergence of more advanced thinking abilities and transition into new roles in society. (Paul.D et al: 2006)
Aims to enhance programmes and perspectives on child development. National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development generally called as NIPPCD. It is an autonomous organization under the administrative jurisdiction of the Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Bangalore branch of NIPCCD organizes training in child development for government personnel and NGOs of the southern states. It initiates research, documentation and dissemination in the area of child development, and has a library of publications on child development. It is the apex body for training and monitoring of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme. As the Secretariat for the National Children's Fund it helps voluntary agencies implement child development projects.
The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 1976 (hereinafter referred as ‘FCRA’) was passed by the Indian Parliament and received the assent of the President of India on 31st March, 1976. The preamble to the Act reads as follows :
An Act to regulate the acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain persons and associations, with a view to ensuring that parliamentary institutions, political associations and academic and other voluntary organisations as well as individuals working in the important areas of national life may function in a manner consistent with the values of a sovereign democratic republic, and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
This can be put at the centre Every One has to declare that “I have a belief in people and analysis of power are the basis of critical approach to community development especially vulnerable sections of the society.''
Development of Vulnerable sections, informally called community building, is a broad term applied to the practices and academic disciplines of civic leaders, activists, involved citizens and professionals to improve various aspects of local communities.
Strengths-based practice in social work has a strong theoretical foundation as an effective helping strategy that builds on a person's successes. The strengths perspective is based on the belief that individuals possess abilities and inner resources that allow them to cope effectively with the challenges of living (Weick & Pope, 1988; Weick, 1983; Rothman, 1994). Even individuals normally seen as hopeless, intractable, and resistant to accepting assistance are assumed to be able to make significant strides in facing difficult challenges when assisted in rediscovering their abilities. Furthermore, these individuals are allowed to retain control of their lives to activate personal strengths. The strengths perspective holds that when a helping agent focuses on pathology and deficits they cripple the individual's ability to transcend life challenges (Holmes & Saleebey, 1993). The strengths perspective is defined by five assumptions and requires solution-focused interviewing (collaboration, curiosity, context-based conversations) to aid the client in problem resolution where solutions don’t necessarily connect with the problem but the process may help dissolve it.
Ageing is a universal biological fact and a natural process. It begins from the day we are born, or perhaps even before. Senior citizens are more vulnerable because of deterioration of mature organisms. India now has the second largest aged population in the world. According to recent statistics (2001) related to elderly people in India, it was observed that 80% reside in rural areas. About 48.2% of elderly persons were women, out of whom 55% were widows. 40% of them live below poverty line and 70.3% of elderly are illiterate (2000). About 90% of the elderly were from the unorganized sector, i.e., they have no regular source of income. Old age is commonly associated with frequent illness and requires medical care and associated health services. In the population over 70years of age, more than 50% suffer from one or more chronic conditions. (Reddy PH 1996).
A comparative study of the physically disabled and normal workmen in industries. Four main variables viz job satisfaction, job involvement, occupational stress and job performance were used in studying the two groups in industry.
Research Registered: 1991 Awarded: 1996
Guide: Dr. N. Venkataswamy Reddy, Rtd Professor of social work, Bangalore university.
Objectives of the selected topic: Highlighting the contribution of the disabled employees to industries. Justifying the reservations that are being given. Promotion of rights of the disabled.
University Awarded: Bangalore University
Being with Desmond was a nice feeling, it was fun and I learnt a lot of thing both for my professional and personal life. Many things that he shared did not make meaning when I was with him. But later the meanings Unfolded and fell into the context. He was great because he was simple and practiced what he preached. My take away from Desmond is plenty and priceless. In different context and with different people I have enjoyed sharing my interaction with Desmond; here in this context I would like to share the following.
The voluntary sector in India has played a major role in rural development, through mobilising communities and catalysing people`s initiatives for change, as well as through direct implementation of interventions around specific issues.
Formal recognition of the role of voluntary organisations in the Seventh Plan documentled to the formation of the Council for Advancement of People`s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) in 1986, as a nodal agency for catalysing and coordinating the emerging partnership between voluntary organisations and Government for sustainable development of rural areas.
The professional social work education and the student social workers are familiar with the paradigmatic shift in the organization. We desire that social workers to be competent to offer quality services to the needy and participate in bringing about structural changes so as to meet the challenges known us during the modern times, and in the light of changing ideologies. We have to deliberate on the requirements for improving the quality and competency of the social work professionals.
Myth 1: Anyone who has a kind heart can be a social worker.
Fact: Social workers are highly skilled professionals who have a university degree in social work at the bachelor's, master's or doctoral level.
Myth 2: Social workers work only with people who are "down on their luck".
Fact: Social workers provide services to people from all age groups and from all social and economic backgrounds.
Today's fast moving globalize world with advanced science and technology has failed to break the iceberg in man's mind regarding cancer. It is so unfortunate that even the elite educated group has failed to understand that cancer is a non-communicable disease. The myth and stigma attached to it have unchanged in the long run of a civilized society.
Two models of social welfare are usually mentioned in historical reviews of social welfare and also in the contemporary literature on the subject. The dominant and popular model is usually referred to as the remedial or residual model which is contrasted with the other model described variously as the institutional/institutional-redistributive or developmental model of social welfare. It is frequently argued by some wellknown Western and Indian writers that the latter model is more suited to the countries of the third world which includes India.
I express my gratitude to the organizers of the 26th Annual National Conference of the Professional Social Workers for inviting me to participate in the conference at Mangaluru, 2008. I have come here, in spite of my failing health, with a definite purpose of placing before you certain of my thoughts and plans for maintaining highest possible standards of imparting professional social work education and guiding social work practitioners in various fields. I may sound to be parochial in my proposal as I confine in my talk to the pressing issues concerning Karnataka. I am, of course, discussing the issues not unrelated to the theme of the conference , namely, `Challenges for Social Work Education and Practice : the Changing Social Scenario'.
In the last three issues of “Social Work Foot Steps”, articles have been published which give information on the beginning of social work education in Karnataka, at Roshani Nilaya Mangalore, at Bangalore and Karnataka Universities during the period of 1962 to 1971. This note attempts to provide additional information to complete the picture.
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